The solar panel technology is developing day by day. The new information, new inventions keep our lives happily. The renewable energy sector requires a high boost from the technology. The solar panels that we use in the current phase are really different from Perovskite solar cells. Even though the research works are still going the scientists are hoping that this technology will help the mankind.
Perovskites are a group of materials that can produce solar cells cheaper and efficient. They are comparatively efficient than monocrystalline solar cells. According to the latest research reports, the Perovskites solar cells can produce more electricity from the sunlight. The conversion rates are really higher. This result is evident in the labs where the research about Perovskites solar cells is done.
History Of Perovskite Solar Cells
The name Perovskite comes from a mineralogist named Lev Perovski. He named Perovskite to a material called calcium titanium oxide. But this new solar cell is not made from calcium titanium oxide. But the Perovskite solar cells contain compounds that have a similar crystalline structure to calcium titanium oxide. These solar cells contain methyl ammonium, lead, iodine, chlorine and some other elements. They can absorb more sunlight than the silicon. Currently, silicon is used widely in solar panels to absorb sunlight. Within a few years, the Perovskite cells will be available in the market.
Mass Production Of Perovskite Solar Cells
Providing 20 percent more efficiency in the lab is quite easy. Because we are preparing a very little perovskite solar cells in the lab. But when commercially producing the Perovskite cells we can’t predict the actual outcome. Another problem in the mass production of Perovskite solar cells is that we need to troubleshoot the problems in the production phase. We need to assemble various elements and to check their performance also.
Another thing is that we need to find out whether this solar cell can work for a long period. Here the silicon-based solar cells can work for more than 25 years. Also, the Perovskite solar cells need a proper care. We need to protect it from moisture. Otherwise, their performance will be low. And in some places, the weather will not support the Perovskite solar cells.
Advantages Of Perovskite Solar Cells
The major benefit of Perovskite cells is that this can be used as a cheaper alternative for silicon-based solar cells. All the compounds are available easily. They can be used to paint photovoltaic electronics on a glass so that the cost of manufacturing will be less. The silicon-based solar cells are really expensive. Also, we can produce thin solar cells.
The crystalline structure of Perovskites solar cells will have charge-carrier motilities and long diffusion lengths which help photo-generated electrons to travel long distances without energy loss. Thus thicker solar cells can produce more electricity by absorbing more sunlight.
The compound composition is really easy to alternate. So there will be good color combinations in solar panels. The customers will love to have these type of aesthetically pleasing solar panels on their roofs. We can use it as an additional layer over normal silicon solar cells. This new invention will improve the solar energy production worldwide.